# 1. Variables

Variables keep track of quantities that change such as position, size, and color.

# 2. Functions

Functions make it easy to bundle related instructions together and to map inputs to outputs.

# 3. Logic

Boolean algebra is the logical foundation for computers, and we use it to make decisions using conditional statements.

# 4. Loops

Loops make it easy to repeat instructions according to set conditions.

# 5. Objects

Many applied Math problems involve bundling data together and presenting it to users, often through text.

# 6. Lists

Lists enable us to keep related items in order, from high scores in a game to scientific observations.

# 7. Classes

Classes are the blueprints for objects that bundle data together with the functions that operate on that data.